EU fears war crimes after Syria’s Palmyra falls to ISIS

Palmyra is known as the "bride of the desert," in Syria

Brussels (AFP) – EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini on Thursday warned of potential war crimes in the UNESCO World Heritage site of Palmyra after Islamic State fighters seized the ancient Syrian city.

“With the reported occupation of the ancient city of Palmyra by Da’esh, yet again hundreds of people have been killed and thousands more risk to be exposed to arbitrary violent actions and more destruction of cultural sites might be perpetrated,” Mogherini said in a statement, using an alternative name for Islamic State fighters.

Islamic State “mass killings and deliberate destruction of archaeological and cultural heritage in Syria and Iraq amount to a war crime according to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court,” she said.

ISIS jihadists seized full control of Palmyra on Thursday, putting the world heritage site and its priceless artifacts at risk of destruction.

EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini
EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini

“Palmyra is a symbol of Syria’s rich cultural heritage and has been a crossroad of civilization throughout history,” Mogherini said.

The fall of the ancient city comes during an ISIS campaign of so-called “cultural cleansing”, with Islamist militants destroying relics all across ancient Mesopotamia.

Mogherini, currently on tour in the Middle East, warned that the destruction of cultural sites in the region could amount to a war crime.

In addition, the EU “has taken all the appropriate steps… to prevent the illegal trade of cultural property,” Mogherini said, adding that such illicit traffic of cultural artifacts, directly contributes to the financing of ISIS.